stats on the destruction of alcohol vs hard drugs

However, considering worst-case scenarios (e.g. 5th percentile), heroin may have a lower MOE than alcohol (compare standard deviation bars in Figure 1). On the other end of the scale, THC or cannabis can be consistently found to have high MOE alcoohol is better than drugs values, as well as amphetamine-type stimulants and benzodiazepines. The proportion of people in contact with substance use treatment services ranged from less than one per cent to no more than 35 per cent, in countries providing this data.

Annual Deaths Due to Alcohol, Drugs or Suicide Exceeded 156,000 According to the Most Recent Data

There is a need for both qualitative and quantitative research focused on other regions and demographic groups to provide valuable insights into why the trends in mortality due to drug poisoning and alcohol use vary so much by region and demography. As a result, an estimated 81.7 percent of Americans ages 12 and over with SUDs do not receive the treatment they need (Huskamp and Iglehart, 2016). Muennig and colleagues (2018) make the case for a longer-term trend of worsening psychological health in the United States since the early 1980s that spanned demographic groups. Using data from the General Social Survey 1983–2012, the authors examined trends in measures of psychological well-being in the United States, including self-reported happiness and trust in others, whether people tended to be fair, whether parents had a better standard of living, and frequency of sex. Compared with similar data from Australia on the happiness and trust measures, they found a greater decline in overall well-being in the United States, especially toward the late 1980s.

  • Moreover, rising economic distress has intersected with rising family distress and marital dissolution and long-term demographic trends of lower marriage rates, increasing single-parent families, and increasing multiple-partner fertility (Burton et al., 2013; Child Trends DataBank, 2015).
  • Schedule II drugs are substances with a high potential for abuse but with some medicinal purpose.
  • Such statements taken out of context may be misinterpreted, especially considering the differences of risks between individual and the whole population.
  • Among Hispanic males in both age groups, rates were highest in large fringe metros and generally lowest in nonmetros.
  • They found that counties with prescription-related epidemics had been “left behind” in the economic restructuring that occurred during the 1970s and 1980s.
  • “There’s always choices,” Keith Humphreys, a drug policy expert at Stanford University, explained.

National Data Resources

  • An important consideration in understanding the onset and development of mental illnesses is their early onset relative to many chronic conditions of older ages.
  • From the variety of investigated compounds in tobacco smoke, the lowest MOEs were found for hydrogen cyanide (MOE 15)22 and acrolein (MOE range 2–11)23.
  • This study measured educational attainment using population quartiles to help account for the effects of increasing educational attainment across time.
  • It would be valuable to understand the extent to which changes in the types of alcohol consumed by Americans (e.g., greater consumption of hard liquor) or the quantities consumed during drinking sessions (e.g., binge drinking) have increased the toxicity of the behavior and contributed to rising alcohol mortality rates among Whites.

It would be useful to know whether policy makers could effectively coordinate their regulatory policies on physician prescribing and their enforcement efforts against illegal drugs. The rise in drug poisoning deaths has been well studied, and that research has yielded some plausible explanations for this phenomenon. The trends in alcohol-related deaths have not been studied as extensively; however, the factors that influence both trends are similar. The increased availability of drugs and alcohol (i.e., changes on the supply side) and the high and increased vulnerability of subpopulations (i.e., the demand side) combined to create and fuel the rising trend in drug and alcohol deaths. Macro-level economic and social changes have been posited as being among the upstream factors that have given rise to despair among working-age adults without a college degree.

stats on the destruction of alcohol vs hard drugs

Substance Abuse Statistics

U.S. deaths from causes fully due to excessive alcohol use increased during the past 2 decades. Still, there are some widely agreed-upon guidelines — drinking thresholds above which a person’s risk of developing a disease or shaving time off their life significantly increases, according to the data. More recent research by the Canadian Institute for Substance Use Research suggests that in 2022, alcohol was to blame for 9,500 cancer cases and 3,800 cancer deaths in Canada. Baseline estimates presented at a conference last month blame alcohol for over a third of esophageal cancers (mostly squamous cell carcinoma) and oral cavity and pharynx cancers, and a quarter of liver cancer cases.

stats on the destruction of alcohol vs hard drugs

These findings may be related to why people with mental illness are more likely to misuse pain relievers. Among people with mental illness, 11.2 percent reported misusing prescribed pain relievers, compared with 3 percent of those with no mental illness. People with SMI were at even greater risk, with a 15.1 percent prevalence of misuse (Hughes et al., 2016). In states that monitored physicians’ prescribing of opioids and other Schedule II drugs, deaths due to drug poisoning were lower. Alpert and colleagues (2019) argue that Purdue viewed as a barrier to entry state requirements that physicians prescribe opioids on triplicate forms that could be used to monitor possible fraud and overprescribing. They show that OxyContin distribution was 2.5 times greater in states without versus those with this requirement, and that as a result, drug overdose deaths increased more rapidly in the former compared with the latter states.

The color of each state on the U.S. maps indicates how the state ranks relative to other states for each measure. Because 51 states were ranked for each measure, the middle quintile was assigned to 11 states, and the remaining quintiles were assigned 10 states each. In some cases, a “quintile” could have more or fewer states than desired because two (or more) states had the same estimate (to two decimal places). When such ties occurred at the “boundary” between two quintiles, all of the states with the same estimate were conservatively assigned to the lower quintile.

  • Other research suggests that the relationship between drug overdose rates and economic decline may vary depending on the specific drug being considered.
  • The committee’s recommendations differ from those prior recommendations in that they do not focus on specific policy and practice strategies.
  • The country’s drug overdose crisis represents a “perfect storm” of the flooding of the market with highly addictive yet deadly substances and underlying U.S. demand for and vulnerability to substances that temporarily numb both physical and mental pain.

Expenditures on advertising across all FAB brands increased from $27.5 million in 2000 to $196.3 million in 2002 (Freudenberg, 2014), substantially increasing youth exposure to and consumption of these brands and products (Mosher, 2012). Members of the early 1980s birth cohort were in their late teens and early 20s during the early 2000s, so this group was beginning to drink regularly when the heaviest marketing of FABs occurred (Mosher, 2012). For a thorough review of contemporary alcohol industry marketing and lobbying practices and their association with increased alcohol consumption and alcohol-related health problems and mortality, see Freudenberg (2014). ††† Fully alcohol-attributable conditions include the 100% alcohol-attributable chronic causes as well as the 100% alcohol-attributable acute causes (i.e., alcohol poisonings that are a subset of deaths in the alcohol-related poisonings category and suicide by exposure to alcohol that are a subset of deaths in the suicide category).

stats on the destruction of alcohol vs hard drugs

Deaths from Excessive Alcohol Use — United States, 2016–2021

stats on the destruction of alcohol vs hard drugs

Specific Conditions